289), until the discovery of the Nabonidus Chronicle.The only conclusion that one can reach, other than some other information which has been lost to us today, is that the author was indeed alive during the events, in 539 BC (Waltke, pg. The third main historical argument concerns the identity of Darius the Mede, mentioned in chapters five, six, nine, and eleven.Chapter eleven is the focus of most of the controversy, as, according to most scholars, it gives a very detailed account of the battles of Antiochus Epiphanes.If it weren't for the great details here, most people could assume that the book was written in the sixth century, and that the author got lucky with his vague allusions.The first six chapters are the history section, telling of a Jew named Daniel of royal descent, who was taken captive along with the rest of the people from the city of Jerusalem.King Nebuchadnezzer placed Daniel (among others) in his service, and had them trained.The book of Daniel is an apocalyptic of the Old Testament.It is divided into two main parts: history and prophecy.
The evidences are counter-arguments which use recent archaeological findings to prove that Daniel is correct, and our previous information was incomplete.
The second section can either be construed as prophecy, or history containing some prophecy, depending on the date one assumes that the book was written.
In either case, most scholars agree that chapters seven through twelve tell the story of the battles of the Near East, from the sixth century to the second and/or the first centuries B. The battles are between the four successive kingdoms of the Babylonians, the Medo-Persians or the Medians then the Persians, the Greeks, and possibly the Romans.
The second part of this argument says that if Daniel were an unknown, but well knowledgeable Jew (as he would have had to have been to know Babylonian history as well as he does) he would have certainly followed in the footsteps of a well respected prophet.
In writing his book he presumes to appear as a prophet himself, encouraging his people to persevere through persecution, he would undoubtedly try to make his work seem as Scriptural as possible.