Reforming and consolidating government act of 2016

Generating capacity at the end of 2014 was 198 GWe comprising 12.1 GWe nuclear, 11 GWe hydro, 39 GWe wind (0.6 GWe offshore), 38 GWe solar, and 97 GWe combustible fuels (IEA figures).

Earlier in the year this comprised: 28.2 GWe gas, 21.2 GWe lignite, 26.3 GWe hard coal and 5.6 GWe biomass, according to the Fraunhofer Institute.

Six units are boiling water reactors (BWR), 11 are pressurised water reactors (PWR). A further PWR had not operated since 1988 because of a licensing dispute.

This picture changed in 2011, with the operating fleet being reduced to nine reactors with 12,003 MWe capacity, and then to eight reactors with 10,728 MWe.

In 2011 Russia provided almost 40% of the gas, followed by Norway, Netherlands and the UK, while 14% was produced domestically.Long drawn-out "consensus talks" with the electric utilities were intended to establish a timetable for phase out, with the Greens threatening unilateral curtailment of licences without compensation if agreement was not reached.All operating nuclear plants then had unlimited licences with strong legal guarantees.The most immediate effect of this change of policy was to terminate R&D on both the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor and the fast breeder reactors after some 30 years of promising work, since much of the work was in North Rhine-Westphalia, which was governed by the SPD.A Christian Democrat (CDU) federal government then maintained support for existing nuclear power generation nationally until defeated in 1998.

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