The changes were more dramatic in temperate regions than in the tropics.played a role in the development of agriculture, it does not account for the complex and diverse cultural responses that ensued, the specific timing of the appearance of agricultural communities in different regions, or the specific regional impact of climate change on local environments.Each phytolith retains the shape of the cell in which it was formed, and these forms may be quite specific to a given type of plant.Starch grains are similarly distinctive and also stay preserved for long periods.Charring preserves this material, which in turn allows identification by genus and sometimes species, as well as other forms of qualitative and .Archaeologists generally recover plant materials by placing sediments from pits and hearths in water; the plant remains float to the surface, where they may be retrieved.
The robust size and composition of animal bones have long made them a reliable source of samples for such analysis.
Plant and animal management was and is a familiar concept within that were increasingly reliant upon people.
Because some resource management practices, such as intensively tending nondomesticated nut-bearing trees, bridge the boundary between foraging and farming, archaeologists investigating agricultural origins generally frame their work in terms of a continuum of subsistence practices.
It discusses some of the research techniques used to discern the origins of agriculture as well as the general trajectory of agricultural development in the ancient societies of Southwest Asia, the Americas, East Asia, Agriculture developed independently in many regions of the world.
It was the first profound change in the relationship between fully modern humans and the environment: people evolved into their current form some 200,000 years ago ( provides a chronometric framework for archaeological research.